Fixed braces are made up of bands and brackets that are stuck onto each tooth. Straightening wires run between the various attachments and the teeth are moved. The fixed attachments must not be removed by the patient. The length of treatment varies between 9 months and two years although complex cases may take longer. It is extremely rare for treatment to last more than three years. The most commonly used fixed braces are made from stainless steel but we also offer aesthetic braces.
Functional appliances are usually fitted to reduce the prominence of upper incisors and to improve the way the teeth bite together. Removable functional appliances are the most popular. Two removable appliances, one over the top teeth and one over the bottom teeth, alter the bite of the teeth by holding the lower jaw forwards. Functional appliances should be worn on a full-time basis, day and night, for about 9 -12 months. They must be removed for cleaning, swimming and contact sports. After this initial treatment period they are usually followed by fixed braces.
These are less commonly used these days but are occasionally used before fixed braces to move an individual tooth over the bite. They have small wires on a plastic plate which is worn full time, only taken out to clean and clean the teeth.